Eyes on the Prize
Jeff Bezos is a busy man. Obviously, his primary focus is Amazon, the half-a-trillion-dollar company he founded, but improving how goods are bought and sold here on Earth is far from his most ambitious goal. Through his aerospace company Blue Origin, Bezos wants to expand humanity's reach in the solar system.
At his high school graduation, he gave a valedictory speech that ended with a play on the "Star Trek" tagline — "Space, the final frontier. Meet me there." — and Bezos' Summit Series interview added a little more urgency to his invitation: “We have to go to space to save Earth...We kind of have to hurry."
While Bezos believes humanity needs to explore the universe beyond our planet and has previously said he envisions a future where “millions of people [are] working and living in space,” he was sure to note during his Summit Series interview that we shouldn't simply give up on the Earth. “We’ve sent robotic probes to every planet in our solar system. This one is the best. It’s not even close," he said, according to TechCrunch's report.
The Greatest Barrier
A few decades after giving his valedictory speech, Bezos is now one of the people most likely to actually enable that off-world meet up by opening space to tourism and possible colonization. As he's noted before, though, we've yet to overcome one very significant hurdle: cost.
“We should build a permanent settlement on one of the poles of the Moon," said Bezos while receiving the Buzz Aldrin Space Innovation Award. “What’s holding us back from making that next step is that space travel is just too darned expensive.”
Bezos' Summit Series interview expanded on this point, with the CEO noting how lowering the price of admission for space travel could lead to thousands of space-based startups the same way lowered infrastructure costs opened the internet up to web startups.
Key to lowering costs will be the development of reusable rockets, and just like Elon Musk's SpaceX, Bezos' Blue Origin has been focused heavily on reusable rocket technology. Recently, the company reached a breakthrough with the next-generation space engine they plan to use for a rocket that could be ready to fly tourists into sub-orbital space by April 2019.
Indeed, the future of space exploration and perhaps even colonization is in the hands of companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin, and as emphasized during Bezos' Summit Series interview, it all starts with making space more accessible. We may still have decades to wait until humanity reaches Mars, but if Bezos has any say in the matter, he'll be ready to meet us there.