France Just Passed a Ban on Fracking and Oil Extraction

After 2040, no new drilling permits will be issued and licenses will not be renewed.

12. 23. 17 by Lou Del Bello
Creative Commons

Goodbye Oil

In a bid to establish itself as the new leader in protecting the environment after the U.S. reneged on the Paris Climate Agreement, France has just passed a new blanket ban on fracking and oil extraction that will enter into force in 2040.

The proposal, drafted last September, was approved in Parliament by a show of hands on Dec. 19. After 2040, no new drilling permits will be issued and licenses will not be renewed, putting an end to the fossil fuels’ production in France and its overseas territories.

Some observers called the move “hypocritical”, comparing it to Vermont’s ban on fracking that was introduced in 2012. Although at the time the policy incensed industry leaders, in practice the state’s shale resources are limited.


Halting France’s domestic production is unlikely to have a big impact on the environment because the vast majority of the country’s fossil fuel consumption is imported. In fact, France’s entire production of approximately 815,000 tons of oil per year is equivalent to what Saudi Arabia extracts in just a few hours.

Moreover, the ban on fracking and oil extraction will have no impact on the operations of French-based oil giants such as Total, whose drilling projects span the developing world as well as Europe.

The former Socialist Minister of Ecology and Energy, Delphine Batho, responded to this criticism, telling journalists that “it would be an error of analysis to think that the text is only symbolic.” She hoped that the ban would be “contagious” for other countries willing to meet their climate targets.


Renewable Future?

The ban on fracking and oil extraction may be a relatively painless step for France, but much more difficult territory to navigate for President Emmanuel Macron is the production of nuclear energy, which currently covers more than 70 percent of France’s power needs. As part of his campaign, Macron pledged to reduce the country’s dependence on nuclear energy down to 50 percent by 2025, but it is still unclear whether renewables could really fill such a significant gap in just eight years.

But the French president seems determined to take the lead in the climate battlefield. He recently announced the 18 winners of the “Make our Planet Great Again” initiative, which funds international climate science. The grant’s recipients will receive up to $1.8 million over a period of three to five years. The program was unveiled in June 2017, shortly after the American president announced his intention to pull the U.S. out of the Paris Agreement.

Click to View Full Infographic

And French renewable development is progressing, albeit not at the meteoric pace required by a drastic shift away from nuclear energy. For example, by 2035, the French electric utility company Électricité de France will have built 30GW of solar power plants in the country, which would quadruple the current installed solar capacity of 7.4GW.

In isolation, none of these measures are as revolutionary as the French administration likes to present them. But together they send a strong message about the importance of embracing an environmental agenda that speaks to the world.


Futurism Readers: Find out how much you could save by switching to solar power at By signing up through this link, may receive a small commission.

Share This Article

Keep up.
Subscribe to our daily newsletter to keep in touch with the subjects shaping our future.
I understand and agree that registration on or use of this site constitutes agreement to its User Agreement and Privacy Policy


Copyright ©, Camden Media Inc All Rights Reserved. See our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Data Use Policy. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Futurism. Fonts by Typekit and Monotype.