NASA’s New Job from Congress

Some of NASA’s successes in 2015 include finding liquid water on Mars and icy mountains on Pluto. In fact, the agency has been making so much waves that the US Congress has decided to give it a raise.

However, there’s a catch.

Congress is instructing NASA to use some of that money, which is at least US$55 million, to construct a prototype model of a deep space habitat. An omnibus bill passed by Congress this month directs NASA to accelerate work on a “habitation augmentation module” that could be used for future deep space missions.

The funds will be part of the Advanced Exploration Systems program, which in turn is part of the Exploration Research and Development line item in the budget that received $350 million in the bill. It further states that “NASA shall develop a prototype deep space habitation module within the advanced exploration systems program.” NASA will also be required to provide Congress with a report within 180 days of the bill’s enactment detailing how those funds are being used to create the habitation module.

And Congress wants everything done by 2018.

Image credit: NASA


How NASA Would Do This

NASA has spent much of the last year voicing a desire to get humans to Mars within the next two decades or so. A habitation module sitting in cislunar space (between Earth and the moon) could be used for the manned missions to Mars that NASA hopes to carry out some time in the 2030s.

Sam Scimemi, International Space Station director at NASA Headquarters, said he envisions testing out the habitation module and other key technologies in a year-long “shakedown cruise” in cislunar space by the late 2020s. The agency has already funded several industry studies of habitation module concepts under its Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships, or NextSTEP program.

The Red Planet awaits.

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