The hunt begins.

Setting Off

After successfully landing on Mars last month, NASA's Perseverance rover has started its hunt for signs of ancient extraterrestrial life.

Perseverance has already scooped up its first samples of Martian rocks and soil, according to Agence France-Presse. When it sends them back home to Earth, around 2031, NASA scientists will finally be able to determine whether Mars once hosted microbial life and, perhaps more importantly, whether Earth is truly unique as a habitable world.

SuperCam Engaged

Of course, Perseverance will be doing analysis of its own in the meantime. Its SuperCam suite of instruments — which was also responsible for gathering those first samples — allows the rover to image and study its surroundings.

Aside from rock scoopers and a camera, Perseverance has tools including a laser for studying the chemical makeup of its environment.

Collector's Items

During its mission, Perseverance will scoop Mars samples into over two dozen sealed tubes that will eventually shuttle the rocks and soil back to Earth.

By the time they get here, Perseverance will likely have greatly improved our understanding of Mars and its habitability — both for ancient microbes and future human settlers, AFP notes.

But in the hunt for alien life, the samples themselves "will give scientists the Holy Grail of planetary exploration," Jean-Yves le Gall, president of France's National Centre for Space Studies, said in a recent broadcast.

READ MORE: Perseverance Has Officially Started Its Search For Signs of Life on Mars [Agence France-Presse]

More on Perseverance: NASA’s New Rover Just Shot a Rock With Its Laser

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