It weighs 30 trillion tons, and comprises more technofossil “species” than there are biological species. It’s called the technosphere—the “human” layer of the Earth, the delicate crust of civilization and technology subsuming the biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Here’s a look at the technosphere and what it’s made of.
We have reached a turning point in society. According to renowned theoretical physicist Michio Kaku, the next 100 years of science will determine whether we perish or thrive. Will we remain a Type 0...
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