In Brief
Uber's self-driving trucks have been transporting cargo for commercial customers for several months, under human supervision. Even looking further forward, the company sees human drivers as a key part of the delivery process.

It’s no secret that Uber’s long-term ambitions for its ride-hailing service revolve around self-driving cars. However, the company is also taking on the world of trucking with Uber Freight service – and apparently that endeavor will require a mix of human drivers and automated trucks for the foreseeable future.

Uber’s autonomous trucks have been transporting cargo for commercial freight customers across Arizona’s highways for several months. Like many trials of this kind of technology, human drivers are on board in case of emergency.

Eventually, Uber hopes that trucks will be to drive themselves without supervision, but humans will still play a role in the delivery process. The plan is to use self-driving vehicles to carry freight along highways, while human drivers will take over for shorter drives, like the journey to the recipient’s loading dock down country roads.

The long-term plan for Uber Freight is a relatively straightforward expansion of the company’s ride-hailing service. Autonomous vehicles will deposit their cargo (as far as we know, still unloaded by human hands) at transfer hubs, and human drivers can pick up work via an app, which has been used to connect truckers with haulage jobs since May 2017.

Alden Woodrow, product manager for Uber’s self-driving truck unit, told the New York Times that the company was opting to “focus the development of our technology on the highway only.” There are no plans to develop self-driving technology that’s capable of backing up to a loading dock, or safely maneuvering around a crowded industrial area, at least for the time being.

Uber’s decision to let human drivers tackle the trickier parts of freight delivery isn’t too unusual. Tesla has only been talking up the Enhanced Autopilot functionality of its Semi, rather than full autonomy. Startups like Embark and Starsky Robotics are hard at work figuring out how best to tackle the hand-off to a human, as per a report from Wired.

Still, one thing seems clear – some portion of freight jobs is going to be swept up by self-driving vehicles. The trucking industry looks set to be hit hard by automation, and sooner rather than later.