The tiles will ensure that Starship won't burn up during re-entry.
In a video posted on Twitter yesterday, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk showed off the newest feature of the company's much-anticipated Starship spacecraft: "heatshield hex tiles" that will keep it cool during re-entry into Earth's atmosphere.
In the video, SpaceX engineers heated the hexagonal tiles to a maximum temperature of 1,650 degrees Kelvin (2,500 Fahrenheit.) According to Musk, that's "orbital entry temp," meaning it could technically survive the heat generated during re-entry — glowing a malevolent red that reminds you of the incredibly hostile forces of reentry.
Testing Starship heatshield hex tiles pic.twitter.com/PycE9VthxQ
— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) March 17, 2019
The tiles will only be cladding the hotter side that enters the atmosphere first — "no shield needed on leeward [or back] side," according to Musk. Any "hot spots" will feature a "transpiration cooling" system, which allows the exterior to sweat water or methane to minimize damage and fly again soon after landing.
"Starship needs to be ready to fly again immediately after landing," Musk promised in a follow-up tweet yesterday. "Zero refurbishment."
The news comes after pictures posted on social media revealed that SpaceX is planning to conduct testing of an early Starship prototype "hopper" at its Boca Chica Beach test site in Texas "as soon as the week of March 18."
After a day worth of hard work, the workers at #SpaceX have finally installed the first raptor on #StarHopper . Congratulations to Elon musk and all the hard workers at SpaceX. It’s almost time for StarHopper to purr like a kitten🐱🔥🚀. pic.twitter.com/YIhbNhqJEk
— Austin Barnard🚀 (@austinbarnard45) March 16, 2019
Back in December, Musk tweeted a picture of Starship's stainless steel nose cone, but powerful hurricane-force winds later caused the rocket to break free of its mooring blocks at SpaceX's Texas test site, toppling it over.
Most of the rest of the spacecraft is clad in stainless steel. In a January interview with Popular Mechanics, Musk argued that the stainless steel won't become brittle even at extremely low and extremely high temperatures.
More on Starship: Elon Musk: SpaceX Hopes to Launch Starship “Test Hopper” This Week