Each year, pneumonia and other lower respiratory infections kill nearly 1 million children — more than malaria and HIV combined.
Some of those deaths could be avoided if every child on Earth had access to advanced healthcare, but that's not the case. In fact, more than 95 percent of people in the developing world lack access to the X-ray imaging technology that's ideal for pneumonia diagnosis.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University may have a solution to this problem: a "smart stethoscope" that uses artificial intelligence to diagnose pneumonia on its own.
A standard stethoscope is a low-cost, highly valuable tool for detecting lung disorders. Unfortunately, its value is lost if the person wielding it doesn't know what to listen for or if ambient noise masks the sound of a patient's breathing.
With those limitations in mind, the Johns Hopkins team set out to reimagine the stethoscope. They designed a device capable of capturing the sound of the lungs while filtering out outside noise, and then they created an AI-powered app that "listens" to the lung sound for signs of pneumonia.
According to a blog post written by the researchers, the app was 87 percent accurate at distinguishing between the lung sounds of people with pneumonia and healthy people, "far surpassing other automatic diagnosis methods."
The Johns Hopkins team is currently field testing prototypes of its smart stethoscope in Peru, Bangladesh, Malawi, and the U.S., and it has high hopes for the future of the final version of the device, which it expects to be "significantly cheaper" than the $500 electronic stethoscopes currently on the market.
"By enabling on-the-spot screenings with a cheap device that can be handled by local health workers, we hope our reengineered scope will make a difference in the global health crisis of childhood pneumonia," the researchers wrote.
"Viewed on the macro level, we hope to scale up our efforts so that hundreds of thousands of lives can be saved," they continued. "But on the micro level, we feel that if even one parent sees her child recover because of early diagnosis, all our hard work will have been worth it."
READ MORE: A Smart Stethoscope Puts AI in Medics’ Ears [Johns Hopkins University]
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