It's Complicated

China Bans Banks From Using Cryptocurrency, Causing Worldwide Crash

Cryptocurrencies are "seriously infringing on the safety of people’s property and disrupting the normal economic and financial order."

May 19 by Victor Tangermann
Image via Pixabay

China has banned any financial institutions and payment companies from doing business related to cryptocurrencies, Reuters reports.

The cryptocurrency market had been flourishing in the country, despite crypto exchanges and initial coin offerings being banned.

The move signifies China’s continued crackdown on any cryptocurrency activity within its borders, which is also having rippling effects felt throughout the rest of the world.

In this case, for instance, Bitcoin quickly crashed to a four-month low of just $31,926, according to Coindesk before bouncing back to roughly $40,000. Many other prominent cryptocurrencies also fell sharply.

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“Recently, crypto currency prices have skyrocketed and plummeted, and speculative trading of cryptocurrency has rebounded, seriously infringing on the safety of people’s property and disrupting the normal economic and financial order,” three industry bodies, the National Internet Finance Association of China, the China Banking Association and the Payment and Clearing Association of China, said in a joint statement, as quoted by Reuters.

Such institutions must now abstain from providing any cryptocurrency services involving trading, settling, or registering accounts.

It’s a small part of a much larger trend. In 2017, China banned all local crypto exchanges, dealing a great hit to the global crypto market as the country represented 90 percent of global Bitcoin trading at the time.

Two years later, the People’s Bank of China announced that it was blocking all domestic and foreign exchanges as well as ICOs.

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There may be an ulterior motive behind the continued crackdown. China’s central bank is currently trying to get its own sovereign digital currency off the ground, called Digital Currency Electronic Payment (DCEP). The currency is undergoing several trials right now, as the South China Morning Post reported last week.

The digital currency allows anybody with a smartphone to make payments and transfers by linking their bank account to an electronic wallet app.

The result, if it takes off: essentially no cash flow would be invisible to the government.

“In theory, following the launch of the digital yuan, there will be no transaction that regulatory authorities will not be able to see — cash flows will be completely traceable,” senior researcher with Peking University’s Digital Finance Research Cen­tre Xu Yuan told SCMP.

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Of course, that project is quite distinct from a fully decentralized and blockchain-based cryptocurrency. In many ways it’s the polar opposite, with transactions being entirely traceable and centralized, unlike cryptocurrencies that give holders at least some degree of anonymity.

“It’s no surprise to me, as Chinese capital controls can be challenged by cryptocurrency purchases in the country and transfers out of the country,” CEO for APAC at Saxo Markets told Bloomberg.

“So avoiding use of them in the country is essential to maintaining capital controls. The only tolerable digital currency to a government with strong capital controls is their own [Central Bank Digital Currency].”

Another possibility is that China’s central bank is indeed looking after the interests of its own residents.

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Long story short, China has made it clear so far that cryptocurrencies in their current form are unwelcome in the country. It’s distancing itself from wild speculation and highly volatile tokens, while pushing for a fully centralized digital currency that could give it unprecedented powers.

READ MORE: China bans financial, payment institutions from cryptocurrency business [Reuters]

More on China and crypto: China Could Use Bitcoin as a Weapon Against the US, Billionaire Warns


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