Countdown to Launch
In 2017, the United States led the world in annual orbital launches with a total of 29 launches.
SpaceX contributed 18 launches to the count, the last of which was the Falcon 9 launch in December. Meanwhile, United Launch Alliance (ULA) was responsible for eight launches: six Atlas V missions and two additional Delta launches.
The nations with the most launches after the U.S. were Russia (20 launches) and China (18 launches). While all of the U.S.' launch attempts were successful, Russia and China had one failure each, a Soyuz rocket in November and a Long March 5 rocket in July, respectively.
In 2016, the U.S. tied China with 22 launches, and from 2004 through 2015, Russia held the top spot. The last time the U.S. was the launch leader was 2003, the year the space shuttle Columbia burned up during re-entry.
But Wait, There's More
2017 was a big year for space flight, but 2018 could be even bigger.
In the U.S., SpaceX is aiming to increase their launch count significantly. “We will increase our cadence next year about 50 percent,” SpaceX President and COO Gwynne Shotwell told SpaceNews in November 2017. “We’ll fly more next year than this year, knock on wood, and I think we will probably level out at about that rate, 30 to 40 per year.”
The most anticipated of those is the long-awaited launch of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy. After multiple delays, the reusable rocket is now set to launch this month, and if everything goes as planned, SpaceX could be kicking off a year of launches with a major bang.
While Russia is not expected to add more launches to its schedule, China has shared its intentions to launch more rockets in 2018, meaning it could overtake the U.S. and become the new leader in orbital launches.
GBTimes has reported that the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) has set a goal of 35 launches. Both the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), the Chinese space program's main contractor, and Landspace Technology Corporation, a Beijing-based private aerospace business, have plans for launches as well.
Thanks to the advent of reusable rockets and the efforts of a number of private companies, the space industry is booming. Space is becoming more accessible than ever, and eventually, we may look back on these days of double-digit annual launches as merely the beginning of a new era in exploration.