Being a drone enthusiast in Japan must be difficult, what with the laws banning flying drones over residential areas and offices without permission from the government and also the government's plans to require a license to operate drones that can fly over five kilometers.
Japan's rigid laws and regulations are the result of a government furor after a drone bearing a radiation sign and minuscule radioactive material was found on top of Japan's Prime Minister's offices (still, to be fair, it only take a minuscule amount of radioactive material to kill a person).
While the operator of the drone that landed turned himself in, and it was later discovered that he was protesting Japan's pro-nuclear policies (not trying to kill anyone), it was more than enough to spur Japanese lawmakers to pass strict regulations that banned drones across the whole of Tokyo.
Drone operators were required to maintain drones at least 30 meters from people, buildings, and cars, and they instituted bans from locations where large crowds are present, such as at festivals and exhibitions. A fine of a staggering ¥500,000 ( or $4200) is given to violators. The Japanese Metropolitan Police Department has also unveiled a drone designed to catch violators.
However, they are now currently mulling over a plan to use zoning laws to designated certain mountain areas and islands as “special drone zones" wherein testing may occur without endangering nearby cities and people. This change comes just three months after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe remarks that these regulations will be relaxed.
In these areas, regulations limiting the frequency where drones communicate and receive their directives are removed.
Drones in Japan are limited as to the power of their radio waves to a maximum of a three kilometer, while that of image transmission over a maximum distance of 300 meters. These regulations were put in place to avoid network interference, since the radio waves are sometime conducted over the 2.4-gigahertz band, the same band used by wireless networks.
WHAT THE DRONE ZONE CAN ACCOMPLISH
The municipal governments of Okutama, Hinohara, Aogashima and Ogasawara are part of the cities that have expressed interest. These special drone zones are schedule to established as early next year.
What these municipalities are planning are varied and interesting. In Hinohara, they are planning to utilize the drones to chase away monkeys from crops with sound emitting drones. The municipality of Okutama is looking to use them for disaster response by sending food and medical supplies to assessing damage. In the Osagawara islands, drones will be used to monitor islands designated as World Natural Heritage Sites.
A similar effort was also passed just two months ago in the city of Chiba wherein Amazon may be conducting drone delivery trials. The maximum altitude limit for drones were suspended as well as the line of sight requirement.
The Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry, which is the agency responsible for restrictions on the frequencies and power at which drones operate, is expected to approve the plan.
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