Plug-and-Play Smartphones

On Thursday July 20, Facebook published its patent application for a “modular electromechanical device” that includes a phone, GPS, microphone, speaker, and touch display. This kind of modular consumer hardware would allow users to combine several different components together on a single device — a kind of plug-and-play smartphone.

This sort of modular design is also of interest to Google, who has already made one unsuccessful attempt to bring its Project Ara smartphone to market. Some members of the Project Ara team are now at Facebook's Building 8 — including Regina Dugan, the leader of the research lab. Building 8 is Facebook's lab for consumer technologies and the epicenter of its futuristic projects.

Several Building 8 employees were named on the patent application. The four employees had previously worked for Nascent Objects, a startup that prototyped modular gadgets using 3D printing. Facebook acquired Nascent Objects last year, and a spokesperson confirmed to Tech Insider that the technologies in the patent application were part of that acquisition.

More Efficient Consumer Electronics

According to the patent application, the device could work as a phone, or it could work more like Amazon's Alexa does in terms of its music speaker function. The application also notes that the components of millions of connected devices could be loaded with various kinds of software as pieces are swapped out.

The modular system also appears to be a move towards more efficient and long-term use of consumer electronics. The application reads, “Typically, the hardware components included in the consumer electronics that are considered 'outdated' are still useable. However, the hardware components can no longer be re-used since consumer electronics are designed as closed systems. From a consumer prospective, the life cycle of conventional consumer electronics is expensive and wasteful.”

It remains to be seen whether Facebook will succeed where Google failed; just because a patient application is filed, there's no guarantee that a device will actually get made.

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