Where there is water, there is life. This is a statement that has been reaffirmed over and over again. Whether it is in the acidic waters surrounding volcanoes or in the dark and frozen wastes of the icy Antarctic, wherever we find liquid water, we find life. That’s what makes one of the most recent finds by NASA’s Curiosity rover so amazing—Evidence of liquid water on Mars. And even more recently (this month, in fact), NASA announced that it had confirmed evidence of water flowing on Mars.

Granted, this “flowing water” is really more of a trickle (damp soil, if you will), but the find is still exciting for a number of reasons.

To begin, as early as 2002, we confirmed that there was ice on the Red Planet. Soon after, we found that Mars has more than just a little ice. It has glaciers. Ultimately, this frozen ice contains enough water to cover the entire planet in a meter of water.

But actual liquid water is an entirely different ball game.

The major question that is now being asked is, what does this mean for life? Could it thrive on the Red Planet? Did it ever thrive on the Red Planet? Ultimately, these questions are related to the idea of “panspermia.” This is one of the more speculative ideas in the sciences, which essentially asserts that life may have arose elsewhere (not on Earth) and was seeded on this planet by comets or meteors.

Here, Dr. Roger Dube, physicist and Director of the Science Exploration Program at RIT, delves into these topics in relation to the search for life on Mars.