John Searle, the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, talked at Google about the philosophy of the mind and the potential for consciousness in artificial intelligence. Searle is widely known for his contributions to various fields of philosophy.
First, Searle defined some terms he will be using for the rest of his talk and some types of phenomena. He stated that consciousness is an ontologically subjective domain, but that doesn’t prevent epistemologically objective accounts of it.
He also claimed that computers have no awareness of states of systems. But some experts in the field of computing believe that it will become increasingly less true for many systems. Many computer systems are now capable of creating models of the world in which they find themselves.
Searle asserts that all machine intelligence is all observer relative. He also asserts that we have no idea how the brain produces consciousness. “Computation is not a fact of nature, it is a fact of our interpretation. And in so far as we can create artificial machines that carry out computations, the computation by itself is never going to be sufficient for thinking or any other cognitive processes, because the computation is defined purely formally or syntactically,” Searle said. These statements may have angered researchers studying brain activity and artificial intelligence.
Many individuals have been thinking about this. In the span of over 80 years, the progress rate has been exponential over time. Certainly, no individual component can perform the capabilities of the human brain but scientists believe that an organized and well-studied collection of these components can.
Watch his talk here: