Some fun but esoteric physics news broke this week: that researchers had simulated two black holes using a quantum computer, and managed to send a message between them, as if the virtual system was a tiny wormhole.
The research, as detailed in a new paper published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, was picked up by major new outlets — but in a serious failing of science literacy, they jumped to some outrageous conclusions in their headlines.
"Physicists Create ‘the Smallest, Crummiest Wormhole You Can Imagine,'" The New York Times' proclaimed.
"Scientists build 'baby' wormhole as sci-fi moves closer to fact," Reuters trumpeted.
"Scientists simulate ‘baby’ wormhole without rupturing space and time," screeched The Guardian.
In reality, those headlines couldn't be further from the truth. The researchers weren't actually able to create a wormhole of any kind — or at least one that exists in the real world, "baby" or not. Suggesting otherwise is like claiming that playing the videogame "Portal" involves creating an actual wormhole because it depicts something akin to the theoretical concept onscreen.
Worse yet, experts were quick to point out that headlines like these only serve to warp the truth and mislead the public. After all, many people see the headline and move on without reading further.
"No, they didn't create a wormhole," German physicist and science writer Sabine Hossenfelder argued, responding to a tweet by Quanta Magazine claiming that physicists had "built a wormhole and successfully sent information from one end to the other."
"It's a bullshit headline that deliberately misinforms the reader and I think you should unfollow and unsubscribe from every outlet that promotes this nonsense," she added.
In more grounded terms, the research team was able to simulate possible wormhole dynamics using Google's 72-qubit Sycamore 2 quantum processor.
The researchers themselves were careful not to jump to conclusions in what they were able to achieve in their research — quotes that were published right below those misleading headlines.
"There's a difference between something being possible in principle and possible in reality," physicist and study co-author Joseph Lykken of Fermilab, told Reuters. "So don't hold your breath about sending your dog through the wormhole. But you have to start somewhere."
"It looks like a duck, it walks like a duck, it quacks like a duck," he added. "So that's what we can say at this point — that we have something that in terms of the properties we look at, it looks like a wormhole."
"We are just using the quantum computer to find out what it would look and feel like if you were in this gravitational situation," Daniel Jafferis, a physics professor at Harvard and lead author of the new research, told The New York Times.
Hossenfelder, however, was left unimpressed by their work.
"This 'wormhole' talk is a fancy word for a piece of math," she argued. "Using the same mathematics, anything at constant temperature is a 'black hole.' Pouring water into your sink? Yeah, that's a black hole, congrats."
Other experts would tend to agree.
"The most important thing I’d want New York Times readers to understand is this," quantum computing expert Scott Aaronson, who was not involved in the research, told the newspaper. "If this experiment has brought a wormhole into actual physical existence, then a strong case could be made that you, too, bring a wormhole into actual physical existence every time you sketch one with pen and paper."
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