Futurism/ M. A.
Artificial Intelligence

Eying the Future: Doctors to Use Robotic System for Eye Surgery

Oxford University is going to conduct high-risk eye surgeries using robots.

Joi MatthewMarch 4th 2016
PRECEYES and Nightstar

Researchers from Oxford University have partnered with the Dutch robotics company Preceyes to test out a new robotic surgical instrument that seems especially promising.

Eye surgeon and researcher Robert MacLaren, Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Oxford, will lead the team, which will be conducting human trials with the PRECEYES Surgical System.

The purpose of the study is to determine the usefulness of the new technology, particularly its application for a very precise and delicate operation called vitreoretinal surgery. It’s a risky and extremely difficult procedure that is performed on the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, and is one that requires a surgeon with proverbial “steady hands.”

Oxford and Preceyes have also inked a deal with Nightstar to begin engineering high-precision drug delivery technology for the eye. Nightstar is a biopharmaceutical company that specializes in developing directed therapies for retinal diseases and dystrophies, such as choroideremia.

The Future of Eye Surgery
Oxford University
The robotic PRECEYES Surgical System. Credit: Oxford University

So far, this new technology has been tailored to ocular surgery, with vitreoretinal procedures as the initial target market. The aim is to improve the quality of ocular surgery, and to develop novel treatments such as precise drug delivery to the target tissues.

Eye operations are highly sensitive and risky, so the significance of this technology is that it will assist surgeons to perform even the most demanding surgical tasks with the utmost precision and care.

Robert MacLaren commented: “Over the last century, devices that enhance surgical precision have given us the greatest breakthroughs in ophthalmology. We are delighted to have approval for a clinical trial in Oxford which will be the first to assess use of a robotic device for surgery inside the eye.”

And ocular surgery is just the beginning. The extreme delicacy of operating on the eye makes it a perfect testing ground for these robotic medical devices. If they can pull that off, what can’t they do?

But the future will see broader applications of robotic, or robot-mediated, surgery. Delicate neurological operations, spinal surgeries, heart procedures, all of these are certain to eventually be performed by robotic devices that possess a greater manual precision and steadiness than even the most practiced and assured surgeon.

In the meantime—baby steps. The eyes may be the windows to the soul, but in the case of robotic surgery, they are also windows to the newest evolution of surgical technology.

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