Canavero calls the procedure Head Anatomosis Venture. It will be performed on Valery Spiridonov, who was diagnosed with a muscle-wasting condition called Werdnig-Hoffman disease.
Spiridonov knows that there’s huge risks involved. After all, many organ transplants are ultimately rejected and this procedure is significantly more complicated. It might better be called a body transplant: Spiridonov’s head will cooled for the 36-hour procedure, which will attempt to attach the head to a donor body. There are also questions about whether the procedure is even possible.
Canavero is part of Italy’s Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group, and he compares the procedure to heading to the moon.