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We just developed the fastest network cable in the world. The amount of data it can transmit--per second--is equivalent to all the traffic flowing through the Internet at peak time. Ultimately, this network cable allows 21 times more bandwidth than currently available (right now, the fastest fiber optic line can transmit 100 gigabits per second, which converts to 12.5 gigabytes per second).

This is a notable development. as every year we rely on technology more and more for our every day activities. At present time, there are more than 100 billion emails that are being sent each day. In fact, in the time it took you to read this sentence, 220 million emails were written.

And we're not slowing down.

It's estimated that 2 billion people have access to the internet and actively use it, and every month that number continues to grow. Since there is so much information being produced, there is a high demand for fast  data transfer.

Recently, a team has demonstrated the potential of a new class of fiber to increase transmission capacity. This could help us mitigate the impending 'capacity crunch' that is looming on the horizon. This development was noted in an article that appeared yesterday in the online edition of the journal Nature Photonics.

The cable was produced by researches at Eindhoven University of Technology. In the University's release, the authors explain that this new fiber is so effective because it has seven different cores through which the light (information) can travel, instead of the one that we find is current technology. This would be like going from a one-way road to a seven-lane highway. What's more, there are two additional orthogonal dimensions for data transportation – as if three cars can drive on top of each other in the same lane.

And while this may seem rather bulky, the team notes that it is quite slim and manageable Dr. Chigo Okonkwo discusses the new development,

At less than 200 microns in diameter, this fibre does not take noticeably more space than conventional fibres already deployed. These remarkable results definitely give the possibility to achieve Petabits/s transmission, which is the focus of the European Commission in the coming 7 year Horizon 2020 research programme. The result also shows the key importance of the research carried out in Europe, and in particular at TU/e with other well-known teams around the world in high-capacity optical transmission systems.


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