• IBM's Watson supercomputer first rose to prominence in 2011 when it became the first computer to beat human contestants at the US gameshow Jeopardy! In the years since, IBM and other companies have put Watson's immense computing power to a variety of uses, from working with doctors to develop treatment plans for cancer patients, to assisting the world's media in crunching tennis statistics at Wimbledon.
  • IBM is yet to announce plans to integrate a quantum computer system with Watson but recently unveiled a new superconducting chip that demonstrates a technique crucial to the development of quantum computers. The chip was the first to integrate quantum bits –or qubits– into a two-dimensional grid. This is important for making a machine but there is still a long way to go before quantum computers find practical use.
  • "Cognitive computing does emulate some aspects of human observation, interpretation and evaluation. While cognitive systems do not fully simulate how the human mind actually works, if they're to be useful in amplifying human cognition, cognitive systems will have to perform with increasing speed and with lower energy levels. Quantum computing, as it matures, may benefit cognitive computing in all these aspects."

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