In BriefMinute Physics, a popular YouTube channel that delivers brief educational segments on various topics in science, released a clip explaining how scientists theorized dark matter and what dark matter means for us.
The brief video below by Minute Physics touches on a few key concepts surrounding dark matter, including how scientists noticed that the universe behaved far differently than they had expected. While researchers expected stars at the far end of a galaxy to taper off in speed and ultimately leave from their galactic orbits, they observed something quite different. The stars as the ends of galaxies actually accelerated to remain in orbit, suggesting that something was providing a strong enough gravitational force to keep them in check.
Minute Physics goes on to explain that this something, which scientists refer to as dark matter, is four times more common in the universe than visible matter and why it’s necessary.