FromQuarkstoQuasars

Astronomy Picture of the Day: 10/28/13 – 4C+29.30

Jaime TrosperOctober 28th 2013
Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/A.Siemiginowska et al; Optical: NASA/STScI; Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA
Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/A.Siemiginowska et al; Optical: NASA/STScI; Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA

The image itself is effective in portraying the immense gravitational forces of a supermassive black hole. This particular black hole is located at the galactic center of the galaxy formally dubbed “4C+29.30,” which is located more than 850-million light-years from Earth.

 

Spewing from the central black hole of the galaxy, which holds the mass of 100 million suns, are two huge jets of superheated gas, shooting off into space at speeds that exceed one million miles per hour. Eventually, some of the material may ultimately wind up being a light snack for the black hole, causing it to eject a larger quantity of radio waves that loop back around (due to the magnetic field of the black hole).

 

As you can see, the black hole is obstructed from view by a doughnut-like structure, something that makes it a hidden or “buried” black hole. This happens because x-rays emitted from beyond the black hole’s event horizon are absorbed by gas and dust clouds, instead of being reflected from them, making the region opaque to visible light.

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