In BriefAlthough astronomer Antonio Paris believes he has discovered the source of the Wow! signal—a comet—other astronomers are unconvinced. Alternate suggestions run the gamut from isolated phenomena to aliens, although the latter is highly unlikely.
St. Petersburg College astronomer Antonio Paris believes that a comet called 266P/Christensen, uncatalogued at the time that the “Wow!” signal was first discovered, may actually have been the signal’s source. However, not all astronomers agree — including Jerry Ehman, the astronomer who discovered the signal in 1977. “We do not believe the two-comets theory can explain the Wow! signal,” Ehman told Live Science on June 12.
Ehman reviewed Paris’s work with Robert Dixon, the director of the radio observatory at The Ohio State University. The team agreed on two major problems with the conclusions that Paris drew. First, the signal didn’t repeat. Second, it appeared for a very short time. Ehman also noted that the configuration of the Big Ear telescope should have allowed for a repeat if the source was a comet; instead, there was only one, as if the source was abruptly cut off. The telescope had two “feed horns,” and each offered a slightly different field of view.
“We should have seen the source come through twice in about 3 minutes: one response lasting 72 seconds and a second response for 72 seconds following within about a minute and a half,” Ehman told Live Science. “We didn’t see the second one.”
The frequency of transmission is also problematic. SETI senior astronomer Seth Shostak argues that comets wouldn’t generate sufficient hydrogen to create the signal. “I don’t think anyone ever found such emission from comets,” Shostak told Live Science.
So, does this lend credence to the theory that the “Wow!” signal was sent by aliens?