• In the case of AI, the report suggests that future machines and software with “human-level intelligence” could create new, dangerous challenges for humanity – although they could also help to combat many of the other risks cited in the report.
  • The report also warns of the risk that “economic collapse may follow from mass unemployment as humans are replaced by copyable human capital”, and expresses concern at the prospect of AI being used for warfare: “An AI arms race could result in AIs being constructed with pernicious goals or lack of safety precautions.”
  • While it notes that nanotechnology could also have a range of benefits, it could also lead to the easy construction of large arsenals of conventional or more novel weapons made possible by atomically precise manufacturing.

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