These galaxies, known as NGC 5965 and NGC 5963, are located in the constellation Draco. Even though they appear close in the sky, these galaxies are actually separated by about 110-million light-years.
NGC 5965 is seen nearly edge-on from our vantage point here on Earth. The galaxy itself is about 150-million light-years away and about 200,000 light-years across. Its counterpart, NGC 5963, is much smaller. In stark opposition to NGC 5965, NGC 5963 appears nearly face-on to us. This – along with the fact that NGC 5963 is more faint – can make it a little bit more difficult to gauge how much more distant the other galaxy is from us and the other galaxy (its 40-million light-years away, to be precise).
Furthermore, in this frame, you can also see several other galaxies lurking in the background. Almost all of these large balls of light in the foreground are stars that belong to the Milky Way, which means that they can be no farther than 100,000 light-years away.
See a larger image here.