In Brief
  • A team of scientists has discovered water with a very ancient pedigree in the murky depths of an Ontario mine.
  • The very chemistry of this old water may contain clues to the planet's deep past—from ancient atmospheric chemistry, to possibly even some kind of relic, palaeogean life.

Oldest Water in the World

A team of geoscientists from the University of Toronto has discovered water 3 km (~1.9 miles) deep in a mine in Timmins, Ontario, Canada.

And it’s really, really old—about 2 billion years old, to be precise. “Everything about the water is brand new. We are seeing signals in all isotopes that we’ve identified so far that we’ve never seen anywhere else,” says postdoctoral researcher Oliver Warr. The team’s findings were recently presented at the American Geophysical Union in San Fransisco.

In order to date water, researchers have to look at the accumulation of gases in the sample. This particular bucketful of ancient water contained helium, argon, neon, krypton and xenon. Calculating how much of these elements accumulated over the immense gulfs of time that this water has existed helped researchers identify its age.

The water has been described as being 8 times saltier than sea water. “It won’t kill you if you drank it, but it would taste absolutely disgusting.”

What ancient water looks like. (J. Moran)
What ancient water looks like. (J. Moran)

Water With a Story to Tell

Much can be learned from such a discovery. According to Warr, “If water has been down there for up to two billion years, it can tell us something about the atmosphere at the time, or the state of the Earth, which previously we’ve not been able to get much insight into.” And not only can we learn about the conditions in which the water may have existed billions of years ago, but there’s also a chance it may actually contain ancient life

“That could have great ramifications as to how life might exist at these kinds of depths, how it might survive,” Warr said. “It could start paving the way for understanding life on other planets as well.” Earlier this year, scientists discovered 3.7 billion year old fossils in Greenland, which would make it entirely possible for this 2 billion-year-old water to contain traces of life, if not entire organisms.

The extreme conditions for billions of years ago could give some important insight into how life began on our planet, or even how it might exist on the harsh conditions of planets like Mars.